Eidetic Memory

Eidetic Memory
   Why Eidetic Memory May Not Be So Beneficial a Gift
   [A]lthough eidetic [("photographic")] memory is rare in adults, it seems to be much more frequent in young children. Think back to your own early memories, and it is probable that you will recollect them as a series of snapshots, fixed or frozen in time. . . . In a typical study, [Ralph] Haber would show children a coloured picture of Alice and the Cheshire cat from an illustrated Alice in Wonderland. In the drawing, the cat sat on a tree, striped tail curled behind it. Children having been briefly shown the picture could later answer questions in detail about it-for instance, when asked how many stripes were visible on the cat's tail, they would behave as if they were counting them off from some sort of mental image. Similarly, children shown a picture with writing on it in a foreign language could subsequently spell out the words as if reading them from an open book.
   Many, if not all young children apparently do normally see and remember eidetically, but this capacity is lost to most as they grow up. What is in young children an apparently general capacity has become a remarkable rarity in adults. . . .
   The rarity of eidetic memory, coupled with the fact that to possess such a capacity does not seem to make for much success in life, suggests that it may not be so beneficial a gift. To be able to synthesize and generalize from past events, to abstract from them, indeed to forget them, may thus be as essential for survival and effective action in the world as is the capacity to remember them in the first case. (Rose, 1993, pp. 103104, 102-103)

Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eidetic memory — Eidetic memory, photographic memory, or total recall is the ability to recall images, sounds, or objects in memory with extreme accuracy and in abundant volume. The word eidetic (pronEng|аɪˈdɛtɪk) means related to extraordinarily detailed and… …   Wikipedia

  • eidetic memory — noun The ability to recall images, sounds, or objects in memory with great accuracy and in seemingly unlimited volume. Syn: photographic memory …   Wiktionary

  • List of people in fiction with claimed eidetic memory — Eidetic memory (also called photographic memory) is described in many works of fiction. Characters with eidetic memory are found in written works, film, television, and games.Comics* Bart Allen, a fictional character in DC Comics and former Flash …   Wikipedia

  • Memory sport — Memory sport, sometimes referred to as competitive memory or the mind sport of memory, is a competition in which participants attempt to memorize the most information that they can then present back, under certain guidelines. The sport has been… …   Wikipedia

  • Memory consolidation — is a category of processes that stabilize a memory trace after the initial acquisition.[1] Consolidation is distinguished into two specific processes, synaptic consolidation, which occurs within the first few hours after learning, and system… …   Wikipedia

  • Memory disorder — Memory can be defined as an organism s ability to encode, retain, and recall information. Disorders of memory can range from mild to severe, yet are all a result of damage to neuroanatomical structures; either in part or in full. This damage… …   Wikipedia

  • Memory and trauma — Memory is described by psychology as the ability of an organism to store, retain, and subsequently retrieve information. When an individual experiences a traumatic event, whether physically or psychologically traumatic, his or her memory can be… …   Wikipedia

  • Memory and social interactions — Memory underpins and enables social interactions in a variety of ways. In order to engage in successful social interaction, organisms must be able to remember how they should interact with one another, who they have interacted with previously,… …   Wikipedia

  • Memory for the future — refers to the ability to use memory to picture and plan future events. It is a subcategory of mental time travel which Suddendorf and Corballis described to be the process that allows people to imagine both past and potential future events.… …   Wikipedia

  • Memory — For other uses, see Memory (disambiguation). Neuropsychology Topics …   Wikipedia

  • Memory and aging — One of the key concerns of older adults is the experience of memory loss, especially as it is one of the hallmark symptoms of Alzheimer s disease. However, memory loss is qualitatively different in normal aging from the kind of memory loss… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”